Non-hormonal Birth Control Options
Without the use of any hormones, these options can involve creating a barrier between sperm and egg, changing the chemistry of the reproductive tract, or a combination of both.
Male condoms are easy to find at most pharmacies, convenience, and grocery stores. No prescription is needed, and they’re only used during sexual activity.
Condoms come in a variety of sizes, thicknesses, textures, colours and even flavours. Most are made of latex, but non-latex options include polyurethane and polyisoprene options.
How it works
- The condom acts as a physical barrier preventing direct contact between the penis and the vagina.
- It prevents the exchange of body fluids and also traps the sperm in the condom so it cannot fertilize the egg.
How it's used
- Condom should be put on before sexual intercourse or oral sex and be worn over the penis during sexual activity.
- Disposed after use.
- A new condom should be used for each repeated sexual act.
82% with typical use, 98% with perfect use
(effectiveness rate for women during first year of use).
- Widely available without a prescription.
- Helps protect against most sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- Non-latex options exist for those with latex allergies or sensitivities.
- May decrease the risk of cervical cancer.
- May help the wearer avoid premature ejaculation.
- Can be used with other contraceptives (e.g. spermicide) to help increase their effectiveness.
- Must be available at time of sexual activity.
- Must be used, handled, and stored properly.
- May reduce sexual spontaneity.
- May slip or break during intercourse.
- May reduce sensitivity for either partner.
- May interfere with the maintenance of an erection.
- Requires participation of both partners.